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sqlglot.dialects.sqlite

  1from __future__ import annotations
  2
  3import typing as t
  4
  5from sqlglot import exp, generator, parser, tokens, transforms
  6from sqlglot.dialects.dialect import (
  7    Dialect,
  8    NormalizationStrategy,
  9    any_value_to_max_sql,
 10    arrow_json_extract_sql,
 11    concat_to_dpipe_sql,
 12    count_if_to_sum,
 13    no_ilike_sql,
 14    no_pivot_sql,
 15    no_tablesample_sql,
 16    no_trycast_sql,
 17    rename_func,
 18)
 19from sqlglot.tokens import TokenType
 20
 21
 22def _date_add_sql(self: SQLite.Generator, expression: exp.DateAdd) -> str:
 23    modifier = expression.expression
 24    modifier = modifier.name if modifier.is_string else self.sql(modifier)
 25    unit = expression.args.get("unit")
 26    modifier = f"'{modifier} {unit.name}'" if unit else f"'{modifier}'"
 27    return self.func("DATE", expression.this, modifier)
 28
 29
 30def _json_extract_sql(self: SQLite.Generator, expression: exp.JSONExtract) -> str:
 31    if expression.expressions:
 32        return self.function_fallback_sql(expression)
 33    return arrow_json_extract_sql(self, expression)
 34
 35
 36def _transform_create(expression: exp.Expression) -> exp.Expression:
 37    """Move primary key to a column and enforce auto_increment on primary keys."""
 38    schema = expression.this
 39
 40    if isinstance(expression, exp.Create) and isinstance(schema, exp.Schema):
 41        defs = {}
 42        primary_key = None
 43
 44        for e in schema.expressions:
 45            if isinstance(e, exp.ColumnDef):
 46                defs[e.name] = e
 47            elif isinstance(e, exp.PrimaryKey):
 48                primary_key = e
 49
 50        if primary_key and len(primary_key.expressions) == 1:
 51            column = defs[primary_key.expressions[0].name]
 52            column.append(
 53                "constraints", exp.ColumnConstraint(kind=exp.PrimaryKeyColumnConstraint())
 54            )
 55            schema.expressions.remove(primary_key)
 56        else:
 57            for column in defs.values():
 58                auto_increment = None
 59                for constraint in column.constraints:
 60                    if isinstance(constraint.kind, exp.PrimaryKeyColumnConstraint):
 61                        break
 62                    if isinstance(constraint.kind, exp.AutoIncrementColumnConstraint):
 63                        auto_increment = constraint
 64                if auto_increment:
 65                    column.constraints.remove(auto_increment)
 66
 67    return expression
 68
 69
 70class SQLite(Dialect):
 71    # https://sqlite.org/forum/forumpost/5e575586ac5c711b?raw
 72    NORMALIZATION_STRATEGY = NormalizationStrategy.CASE_INSENSITIVE
 73    SUPPORTS_SEMI_ANTI_JOIN = False
 74    TYPED_DIVISION = True
 75    SAFE_DIVISION = True
 76
 77    class Tokenizer(tokens.Tokenizer):
 78        IDENTIFIERS = ['"', ("[", "]"), "`"]
 79        HEX_STRINGS = [("x'", "'"), ("X'", "'"), ("0x", ""), ("0X", "")]
 80
 81    class Parser(parser.Parser):
 82        FUNCTIONS = {
 83            **parser.Parser.FUNCTIONS,
 84            "EDITDIST3": exp.Levenshtein.from_arg_list,
 85        }
 86        STRING_ALIASES = True
 87
 88    class Generator(generator.Generator):
 89        JOIN_HINTS = False
 90        TABLE_HINTS = False
 91        QUERY_HINTS = False
 92        NVL2_SUPPORTED = False
 93        JSON_PATH_BRACKETED_KEY_SUPPORTED = False
 94        SUPPORTS_CREATE_TABLE_LIKE = False
 95        SUPPORTS_TABLE_ALIAS_COLUMNS = False
 96
 97        SUPPORTED_JSON_PATH_PARTS = {
 98            exp.JSONPathKey,
 99            exp.JSONPathRoot,
100            exp.JSONPathSubscript,
101        }
102
103        TYPE_MAPPING = {
104            **generator.Generator.TYPE_MAPPING,
105            exp.DataType.Type.BOOLEAN: "INTEGER",
106            exp.DataType.Type.TINYINT: "INTEGER",
107            exp.DataType.Type.SMALLINT: "INTEGER",
108            exp.DataType.Type.INT: "INTEGER",
109            exp.DataType.Type.BIGINT: "INTEGER",
110            exp.DataType.Type.FLOAT: "REAL",
111            exp.DataType.Type.DOUBLE: "REAL",
112            exp.DataType.Type.DECIMAL: "REAL",
113            exp.DataType.Type.CHAR: "TEXT",
114            exp.DataType.Type.NCHAR: "TEXT",
115            exp.DataType.Type.VARCHAR: "TEXT",
116            exp.DataType.Type.NVARCHAR: "TEXT",
117            exp.DataType.Type.BINARY: "BLOB",
118            exp.DataType.Type.VARBINARY: "BLOB",
119        }
120
121        TOKEN_MAPPING = {
122            TokenType.AUTO_INCREMENT: "AUTOINCREMENT",
123        }
124
125        TRANSFORMS = {
126            **generator.Generator.TRANSFORMS,
127            exp.AnyValue: any_value_to_max_sql,
128            exp.Concat: concat_to_dpipe_sql,
129            exp.CountIf: count_if_to_sum,
130            exp.Create: transforms.preprocess([_transform_create]),
131            exp.CurrentDate: lambda *_: "CURRENT_DATE",
132            exp.CurrentTime: lambda *_: "CURRENT_TIME",
133            exp.CurrentTimestamp: lambda *_: "CURRENT_TIMESTAMP",
134            exp.DateAdd: _date_add_sql,
135            exp.DateStrToDate: lambda self, e: self.sql(e, "this"),
136            exp.If: rename_func("IIF"),
137            exp.ILike: no_ilike_sql,
138            exp.JSONExtract: _json_extract_sql,
139            exp.JSONExtractScalar: arrow_json_extract_sql,
140            exp.Levenshtein: rename_func("EDITDIST3"),
141            exp.LogicalOr: rename_func("MAX"),
142            exp.LogicalAnd: rename_func("MIN"),
143            exp.Pivot: no_pivot_sql,
144            exp.Rand: rename_func("RANDOM"),
145            exp.Select: transforms.preprocess(
146                [
147                    transforms.eliminate_distinct_on,
148                    transforms.eliminate_qualify,
149                    transforms.eliminate_semi_and_anti_joins,
150                ]
151            ),
152            exp.TableSample: no_tablesample_sql,
153            exp.TimeStrToTime: lambda self, e: self.sql(e, "this"),
154            exp.TryCast: no_trycast_sql,
155        }
156
157        # SQLite doesn't generally support CREATE TABLE .. properties
158        # https://www.sqlite.org/lang_createtable.html
159        PROPERTIES_LOCATION = {
160            prop: exp.Properties.Location.UNSUPPORTED
161            for prop in generator.Generator.PROPERTIES_LOCATION
162        }
163
164        # There are a few exceptions (e.g. temporary tables) which are supported or
165        # can be transpiled to SQLite, so we explicitly override them accordingly
166        PROPERTIES_LOCATION[exp.LikeProperty] = exp.Properties.Location.POST_SCHEMA
167        PROPERTIES_LOCATION[exp.TemporaryProperty] = exp.Properties.Location.POST_CREATE
168
169        LIMIT_FETCH = "LIMIT"
170
171        def cast_sql(self, expression: exp.Cast, safe_prefix: t.Optional[str] = None) -> str:
172            if expression.is_type("date"):
173                return self.func("DATE", expression.this)
174
175            return super().cast_sql(expression)
176
177        def generateseries_sql(self, expression: exp.GenerateSeries) -> str:
178            parent = expression.parent
179            alias = parent and parent.args.get("alias")
180
181            if isinstance(alias, exp.TableAlias) and alias.columns:
182                column_alias = alias.columns[0]
183                alias.set("columns", None)
184                sql = self.sql(
185                    exp.select(exp.alias_("value", column_alias)).from_(expression).subquery()
186                )
187            else:
188                sql = super().generateseries_sql(expression)
189
190            return sql
191
192        def datediff_sql(self, expression: exp.DateDiff) -> str:
193            unit = expression.args.get("unit")
194            unit = unit.name.upper() if unit else "DAY"
195
196            sql = f"(JULIANDAY({self.sql(expression, 'this')}) - JULIANDAY({self.sql(expression, 'expression')}))"
197
198            if unit == "MONTH":
199                sql = f"{sql} / 30.0"
200            elif unit == "YEAR":
201                sql = f"{sql} / 365.0"
202            elif unit == "HOUR":
203                sql = f"{sql} * 24.0"
204            elif unit == "MINUTE":
205                sql = f"{sql} * 1440.0"
206            elif unit == "SECOND":
207                sql = f"{sql} * 86400.0"
208            elif unit == "MILLISECOND":
209                sql = f"{sql} * 86400000.0"
210            elif unit == "MICROSECOND":
211                sql = f"{sql} * 86400000000.0"
212            elif unit == "NANOSECOND":
213                sql = f"{sql} * 8640000000000.0"
214            else:
215                self.unsupported("DATEDIFF unsupported for '{unit}'.")
216
217            return f"CAST({sql} AS INTEGER)"
218
219        # https://www.sqlite.org/lang_aggfunc.html#group_concat
220        def groupconcat_sql(self, expression: exp.GroupConcat) -> str:
221            this = expression.this
222            distinct = expression.find(exp.Distinct)
223
224            if distinct:
225                this = distinct.expressions[0]
226                distinct_sql = "DISTINCT "
227            else:
228                distinct_sql = ""
229
230            if isinstance(expression.this, exp.Order):
231                self.unsupported("SQLite GROUP_CONCAT doesn't support ORDER BY.")
232                if expression.this.this and not distinct:
233                    this = expression.this.this
234
235            separator = expression.args.get("separator")
236            return f"GROUP_CONCAT({distinct_sql}{self.format_args(this, separator)})"
237
238        def least_sql(self, expression: exp.Least) -> str:
239            if len(expression.expressions) > 1:
240                return rename_func("MIN")(self, expression)
241
242            return self.sql(expression, "this")
243
244        def transaction_sql(self, expression: exp.Transaction) -> str:
245            this = expression.this
246            this = f" {this}" if this else ""
247            return f"BEGIN{this} TRANSACTION"
class SQLite(sqlglot.dialects.dialect.Dialect):
 71class SQLite(Dialect):
 72    # https://sqlite.org/forum/forumpost/5e575586ac5c711b?raw
 73    NORMALIZATION_STRATEGY = NormalizationStrategy.CASE_INSENSITIVE
 74    SUPPORTS_SEMI_ANTI_JOIN = False
 75    TYPED_DIVISION = True
 76    SAFE_DIVISION = True
 77
 78    class Tokenizer(tokens.Tokenizer):
 79        IDENTIFIERS = ['"', ("[", "]"), "`"]
 80        HEX_STRINGS = [("x'", "'"), ("X'", "'"), ("0x", ""), ("0X", "")]
 81
 82    class Parser(parser.Parser):
 83        FUNCTIONS = {
 84            **parser.Parser.FUNCTIONS,
 85            "EDITDIST3": exp.Levenshtein.from_arg_list,
 86        }
 87        STRING_ALIASES = True
 88
 89    class Generator(generator.Generator):
 90        JOIN_HINTS = False
 91        TABLE_HINTS = False
 92        QUERY_HINTS = False
 93        NVL2_SUPPORTED = False
 94        JSON_PATH_BRACKETED_KEY_SUPPORTED = False
 95        SUPPORTS_CREATE_TABLE_LIKE = False
 96        SUPPORTS_TABLE_ALIAS_COLUMNS = False
 97
 98        SUPPORTED_JSON_PATH_PARTS = {
 99            exp.JSONPathKey,
100            exp.JSONPathRoot,
101            exp.JSONPathSubscript,
102        }
103
104        TYPE_MAPPING = {
105            **generator.Generator.TYPE_MAPPING,
106            exp.DataType.Type.BOOLEAN: "INTEGER",
107            exp.DataType.Type.TINYINT: "INTEGER",
108            exp.DataType.Type.SMALLINT: "INTEGER",
109            exp.DataType.Type.INT: "INTEGER",
110            exp.DataType.Type.BIGINT: "INTEGER",
111            exp.DataType.Type.FLOAT: "REAL",
112            exp.DataType.Type.DOUBLE: "REAL",
113            exp.DataType.Type.DECIMAL: "REAL",
114            exp.DataType.Type.CHAR: "TEXT",
115            exp.DataType.Type.NCHAR: "TEXT",
116            exp.DataType.Type.VARCHAR: "TEXT",
117            exp.DataType.Type.NVARCHAR: "TEXT",
118            exp.DataType.Type.BINARY: "BLOB",
119            exp.DataType.Type.VARBINARY: "BLOB",
120        }
121
122        TOKEN_MAPPING = {
123            TokenType.AUTO_INCREMENT: "AUTOINCREMENT",
124        }
125
126        TRANSFORMS = {
127            **generator.Generator.TRANSFORMS,
128            exp.AnyValue: any_value_to_max_sql,
129            exp.Concat: concat_to_dpipe_sql,
130            exp.CountIf: count_if_to_sum,
131            exp.Create: transforms.preprocess([_transform_create]),
132            exp.CurrentDate: lambda *_: "CURRENT_DATE",
133            exp.CurrentTime: lambda *_: "CURRENT_TIME",
134            exp.CurrentTimestamp: lambda *_: "CURRENT_TIMESTAMP",
135            exp.DateAdd: _date_add_sql,
136            exp.DateStrToDate: lambda self, e: self.sql(e, "this"),
137            exp.If: rename_func("IIF"),
138            exp.ILike: no_ilike_sql,
139            exp.JSONExtract: _json_extract_sql,
140            exp.JSONExtractScalar: arrow_json_extract_sql,
141            exp.Levenshtein: rename_func("EDITDIST3"),
142            exp.LogicalOr: rename_func("MAX"),
143            exp.LogicalAnd: rename_func("MIN"),
144            exp.Pivot: no_pivot_sql,
145            exp.Rand: rename_func("RANDOM"),
146            exp.Select: transforms.preprocess(
147                [
148                    transforms.eliminate_distinct_on,
149                    transforms.eliminate_qualify,
150                    transforms.eliminate_semi_and_anti_joins,
151                ]
152            ),
153            exp.TableSample: no_tablesample_sql,
154            exp.TimeStrToTime: lambda self, e: self.sql(e, "this"),
155            exp.TryCast: no_trycast_sql,
156        }
157
158        # SQLite doesn't generally support CREATE TABLE .. properties
159        # https://www.sqlite.org/lang_createtable.html
160        PROPERTIES_LOCATION = {
161            prop: exp.Properties.Location.UNSUPPORTED
162            for prop in generator.Generator.PROPERTIES_LOCATION
163        }
164
165        # There are a few exceptions (e.g. temporary tables) which are supported or
166        # can be transpiled to SQLite, so we explicitly override them accordingly
167        PROPERTIES_LOCATION[exp.LikeProperty] = exp.Properties.Location.POST_SCHEMA
168        PROPERTIES_LOCATION[exp.TemporaryProperty] = exp.Properties.Location.POST_CREATE
169
170        LIMIT_FETCH = "LIMIT"
171
172        def cast_sql(self, expression: exp.Cast, safe_prefix: t.Optional[str] = None) -> str:
173            if expression.is_type("date"):
174                return self.func("DATE", expression.this)
175
176            return super().cast_sql(expression)
177
178        def generateseries_sql(self, expression: exp.GenerateSeries) -> str:
179            parent = expression.parent
180            alias = parent and parent.args.get("alias")
181
182            if isinstance(alias, exp.TableAlias) and alias.columns:
183                column_alias = alias.columns[0]
184                alias.set("columns", None)
185                sql = self.sql(
186                    exp.select(exp.alias_("value", column_alias)).from_(expression).subquery()
187                )
188            else:
189                sql = super().generateseries_sql(expression)
190
191            return sql
192
193        def datediff_sql(self, expression: exp.DateDiff) -> str:
194            unit = expression.args.get("unit")
195            unit = unit.name.upper() if unit else "DAY"
196
197            sql = f"(JULIANDAY({self.sql(expression, 'this')}) - JULIANDAY({self.sql(expression, 'expression')}))"
198
199            if unit == "MONTH":
200                sql = f"{sql} / 30.0"
201            elif unit == "YEAR":
202                sql = f"{sql} / 365.0"
203            elif unit == "HOUR":
204                sql = f"{sql} * 24.0"
205            elif unit == "MINUTE":
206                sql = f"{sql} * 1440.0"
207            elif unit == "SECOND":
208                sql = f"{sql} * 86400.0"
209            elif unit == "MILLISECOND":
210                sql = f"{sql} * 86400000.0"
211            elif unit == "MICROSECOND":
212                sql = f"{sql} * 86400000000.0"
213            elif unit == "NANOSECOND":
214                sql = f"{sql} * 8640000000000.0"
215            else:
216                self.unsupported("DATEDIFF unsupported for '{unit}'.")
217
218            return f"CAST({sql} AS INTEGER)"
219
220        # https://www.sqlite.org/lang_aggfunc.html#group_concat
221        def groupconcat_sql(self, expression: exp.GroupConcat) -> str:
222            this = expression.this
223            distinct = expression.find(exp.Distinct)
224
225            if distinct:
226                this = distinct.expressions[0]
227                distinct_sql = "DISTINCT "
228            else:
229                distinct_sql = ""
230
231            if isinstance(expression.this, exp.Order):
232                self.unsupported("SQLite GROUP_CONCAT doesn't support ORDER BY.")
233                if expression.this.this and not distinct:
234                    this = expression.this.this
235
236            separator = expression.args.get("separator")
237            return f"GROUP_CONCAT({distinct_sql}{self.format_args(this, separator)})"
238
239        def least_sql(self, expression: exp.Least) -> str:
240            if len(expression.expressions) > 1:
241                return rename_func("MIN")(self, expression)
242
243            return self.sql(expression, "this")
244
245        def transaction_sql(self, expression: exp.Transaction) -> str:
246            this = expression.this
247            this = f" {this}" if this else ""
248            return f"BEGIN{this} TRANSACTION"
NORMALIZATION_STRATEGY = <NormalizationStrategy.CASE_INSENSITIVE: 'CASE_INSENSITIVE'>

Specifies the strategy according to which identifiers should be normalized.

SUPPORTS_SEMI_ANTI_JOIN = False

Whether SEMI or ANTI joins are supported.

TYPED_DIVISION = True

Whether the behavior of a / b depends on the types of a and b. False means a / b is always float division. True means a / b is integer division if both a and b are integers.

SAFE_DIVISION = True

Whether division by zero throws an error (False) or returns NULL (True).

tokenizer_class = <class 'SQLite.Tokenizer'>
parser_class = <class 'SQLite.Parser'>
generator_class = <class 'SQLite.Generator'>
TIME_TRIE: Dict = {}
FORMAT_TRIE: Dict = {}
INVERSE_TIME_MAPPING: Dict[str, str] = {}
INVERSE_TIME_TRIE: Dict = {}
INVERSE_ESCAPE_SEQUENCES: Dict[str, str] = {}
QUOTE_START = "'"
QUOTE_END = "'"
IDENTIFIER_START = '"'
IDENTIFIER_END = '"'
BIT_START: Optional[str] = None
BIT_END: Optional[str] = None
HEX_START: Optional[str] = "x'"
HEX_END: Optional[str] = "'"
BYTE_START: Optional[str] = None
BYTE_END: Optional[str] = None
UNICODE_START: Optional[str] = None
UNICODE_END: Optional[str] = None
class SQLite.Tokenizer(sqlglot.tokens.Tokenizer):
78    class Tokenizer(tokens.Tokenizer):
79        IDENTIFIERS = ['"', ("[", "]"), "`"]
80        HEX_STRINGS = [("x'", "'"), ("X'", "'"), ("0x", ""), ("0X", "")]
IDENTIFIERS = ['"', ('[', ']'), '`']
HEX_STRINGS = [("x'", "'"), ("X'", "'"), ('0x', ''), ('0X', '')]
class SQLite.Parser(sqlglot.parser.Parser):
82    class Parser(parser.Parser):
83        FUNCTIONS = {
84            **parser.Parser.FUNCTIONS,
85            "EDITDIST3": exp.Levenshtein.from_arg_list,
86        }
87        STRING_ALIASES = True

Parser consumes a list of tokens produced by the Tokenizer and produces a parsed syntax tree.

Arguments:
  • error_level: The desired error level. Default: ErrorLevel.IMMEDIATE
  • error_message_context: The amount of context to capture from a query string when displaying the error message (in number of characters). Default: 100
  • max_errors: Maximum number of error messages to include in a raised ParseError. This is only relevant if error_level is ErrorLevel.RAISE. Default: 3
FUNCTIONS = {'ABS': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Abs'>>, 'ADD_MONTHS': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.AddMonths'>>, 'ANONYMOUS_AGG_FUNC': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.AnonymousAggFunc'>>, 'ANY_VALUE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.AnyValue'>>, 'APPROX_DISTINCT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ApproxDistinct'>>, 'APPROX_COUNT_DISTINCT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ApproxDistinct'>>, 'APPROX_QUANTILE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ApproxQuantile'>>, 'APPROX_TOP_K': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ApproxTopK'>>, 'ARG_MAX': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArgMax'>>, 'ARGMAX': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArgMax'>>, 'MAX_BY': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArgMax'>>, 'ARG_MIN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArgMin'>>, 'ARGMIN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArgMin'>>, 'MIN_BY': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArgMin'>>, 'ARRAY': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Array'>>, 'ARRAY_AGG': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArrayAgg'>>, 'ARRAY_ALL': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArrayAll'>>, 'ARRAY_ANY': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArrayAny'>>, 'ARRAY_CONCAT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArrayConcat'>>, 'ARRAY_CAT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArrayConcat'>>, 'ARRAY_CONTAINS': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArrayContains'>>, 'FILTER': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArrayFilter'>>, 'ARRAY_FILTER': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArrayFilter'>>, 'ARRAY_JOIN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArrayJoin'>>, 'ARRAY_OVERLAPS': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArrayOverlaps'>>, 'ARRAY_SIZE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArraySize'>>, 'ARRAY_LENGTH': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArraySize'>>, 'ARRAY_SORT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArraySort'>>, 'ARRAY_SUM': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArraySum'>>, 'ARRAY_UNION_AGG': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArrayUnionAgg'>>, 'ARRAY_UNIQUE_AGG': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ArrayUniqueAgg'>>, 'AVG': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Avg'>>, 'CASE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Case'>>, 'CAST': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Cast'>>, 'CAST_TO_STR_TYPE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CastToStrType'>>, 'CBRT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Cbrt'>>, 'CEIL': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Ceil'>>, 'CEILING': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Ceil'>>, 'CHR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Chr'>>, 'CHAR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Chr'>>, 'COALESCE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Coalesce'>>, 'IFNULL': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Coalesce'>>, 'NVL': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Coalesce'>>, 'COLLATE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Collate'>>, 'COMBINED_AGG_FUNC': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CombinedAggFunc'>>, 'COMBINED_PARAMETERIZED_AGG': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CombinedParameterizedAgg'>>, 'CONCAT': <function Parser.<lambda>>, 'CONCAT_WS': <function Parser.<lambda>>, 'CONNECT_BY_ROOT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ConnectByRoot'>>, 'CONVERT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Convert'>>, 'COUNT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Count'>>, 'COUNT_IF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CountIf'>>, 'COUNTIF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CountIf'>>, 'CURRENT_DATE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CurrentDate'>>, 'CURRENT_DATETIME': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CurrentDatetime'>>, 'CURRENT_TIME': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CurrentTime'>>, 'CURRENT_TIMESTAMP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CurrentTimestamp'>>, 'CURRENT_USER': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CurrentUser'>>, 'DATE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Date'>>, 'DATE_ADD': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DateAdd'>>, 'DATEDIFF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DateDiff'>>, 'DATE_DIFF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DateDiff'>>, 'DATE_FROM_PARTS': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DateFromParts'>>, 'DATEFROMPARTS': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DateFromParts'>>, 'DATE_STR_TO_DATE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DateStrToDate'>>, 'DATE_SUB': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DateSub'>>, 'DATE_TO_DATE_STR': <function Parser.<lambda>>, 'DATE_TO_DI': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DateToDi'>>, 'DATE_TRUNC': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DateTrunc'>>, 'DATETIME_ADD': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DatetimeAdd'>>, 'DATETIME_DIFF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DatetimeDiff'>>, 'DATETIME_SUB': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DatetimeSub'>>, 'DATETIME_TRUNC': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DatetimeTrunc'>>, 'DAY': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Day'>>, 'DAY_OF_MONTH': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DayOfMonth'>>, 'DAYOFMONTH': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DayOfMonth'>>, 'DAY_OF_WEEK': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DayOfWeek'>>, 'DAYOFWEEK': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DayOfWeek'>>, 'DAY_OF_YEAR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DayOfYear'>>, 'DAYOFYEAR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DayOfYear'>>, 'DECODE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Decode'>>, 'DI_TO_DATE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DiToDate'>>, 'ENCODE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Encode'>>, 'EXP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Exp'>>, 'EXPLODE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Explode'>>, 'EXPLODE_OUTER': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ExplodeOuter'>>, 'EXTRACT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Extract'>>, 'FIRST': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.First'>>, 'FIRST_VALUE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.FirstValue'>>, 'FLATTEN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Flatten'>>, 'FLOOR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Floor'>>, 'FROM_BASE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.FromBase'>>, 'FROM_BASE64': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.FromBase64'>>, 'GENERATE_SERIES': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.GenerateSeries'>>, 'GREATEST': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Greatest'>>, 'GROUP_CONCAT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.GroupConcat'>>, 'HEX': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Hex'>>, 'HLL': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Hll'>>, 'IF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.If'>>, 'IIF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.If'>>, 'INITCAP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Initcap'>>, 'IS_INF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.IsInf'>>, 'ISINF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.IsInf'>>, 'IS_NAN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.IsNan'>>, 'ISNAN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.IsNan'>>, 'J_S_O_N_ARRAY': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONArray'>>, 'J_S_O_N_ARRAY_AGG': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONArrayAgg'>>, 'JSON_ARRAY_CONTAINS': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONArrayContains'>>, 'JSONB_EXTRACT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONBExtract'>>, 'JSONB_EXTRACT_SCALAR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONBExtractScalar'>>, 'JSON_EXTRACT': <function build_extract_json_with_path.<locals>._builder>, 'JSON_EXTRACT_SCALAR': <function build_extract_json_with_path.<locals>._builder>, 'JSON_FORMAT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONFormat'>>, 'J_S_O_N_OBJECT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONObject'>>, 'J_S_O_N_OBJECT_AGG': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONObjectAgg'>>, 'J_S_O_N_TABLE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONTable'>>, 'LAG': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Lag'>>, 'LAST': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Last'>>, 'LAST_DAY': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LastDay'>>, 'LAST_DAY_OF_MONTH': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LastDay'>>, 'LAST_VALUE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LastValue'>>, 'LEAD': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Lead'>>, 'LEAST': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Least'>>, 'LEFT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Left'>>, 'LENGTH': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Length'>>, 'LEN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Length'>>, 'LEVENSHTEIN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Levenshtein'>>, 'LN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Ln'>>, 'LOG': <function build_logarithm>, 'LOG10': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Log10'>>, 'LOG2': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Log2'>>, 'LOGICAL_AND': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LogicalAnd'>>, 'BOOL_AND': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LogicalAnd'>>, 'BOOLAND_AGG': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LogicalAnd'>>, 'LOGICAL_OR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LogicalOr'>>, 'BOOL_OR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LogicalOr'>>, 'BOOLOR_AGG': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LogicalOr'>>, 'LOWER': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Lower'>>, 'LCASE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Lower'>>, 'MD5': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.MD5'>>, 'MD5_DIGEST': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.MD5Digest'>>, 'MAP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Map'>>, 'MAP_FROM_ENTRIES': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.MapFromEntries'>>, 'MATCH_AGAINST': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.MatchAgainst'>>, 'MAX': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Max'>>, 'MIN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Min'>>, 'MONTH': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Month'>>, 'MONTHS_BETWEEN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.MonthsBetween'>>, 'NEXT_VALUE_FOR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.NextValueFor'>>, 'NTH_VALUE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.NthValue'>>, 'NULLIF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Nullif'>>, 'NUMBER_TO_STR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.NumberToStr'>>, 'NVL2': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Nvl2'>>, 'OPEN_J_S_O_N': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.OpenJSON'>>, 'PARAMETERIZED_AGG': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ParameterizedAgg'>>, 'PARSE_JSON': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ParseJSON'>>, 'JSON_PARSE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ParseJSON'>>, 'PERCENTILE_CONT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.PercentileCont'>>, 'PERCENTILE_DISC': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.PercentileDisc'>>, 'POSEXPLODE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Posexplode'>>, 'POSEXPLODE_OUTER': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.PosexplodeOuter'>>, 'POWER': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Pow'>>, 'POW': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Pow'>>, 'PREDICT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Predict'>>, 'QUANTILE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Quantile'>>, 'RAND': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Rand'>>, 'RANDOM': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Rand'>>, 'RANDN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Randn'>>, 'RANGE_N': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.RangeN'>>, 'READ_CSV': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ReadCSV'>>, 'REDUCE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Reduce'>>, 'REGEXP_EXTRACT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.RegexpExtract'>>, 'REGEXP_I_LIKE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.RegexpILike'>>, 'REGEXP_LIKE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.RegexpLike'>>, 'REGEXP_REPLACE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.RegexpReplace'>>, 'REGEXP_SPLIT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.RegexpSplit'>>, 'REPEAT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Repeat'>>, 'RIGHT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Right'>>, 'ROUND': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Round'>>, 'ROW_NUMBER': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.RowNumber'>>, 'SHA': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SHA'>>, 'SHA1': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SHA'>>, 'SHA2': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SHA2'>>, 'SAFE_DIVIDE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SafeDivide'>>, 'SIGN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Sign'>>, 'SIGNUM': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Sign'>>, 'SORT_ARRAY': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SortArray'>>, 'SPLIT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Split'>>, 'SQRT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Sqrt'>>, 'STANDARD_HASH': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StandardHash'>>, 'STAR_MAP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StarMap'>>, 'STARTS_WITH': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StartsWith'>>, 'STARTSWITH': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StartsWith'>>, 'STDDEV': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Stddev'>>, 'STDDEV_POP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StddevPop'>>, 'STDDEV_SAMP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StddevSamp'>>, 'STR_POSITION': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StrPosition'>>, 'STR_TO_DATE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StrToDate'>>, 'STR_TO_MAP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StrToMap'>>, 'STR_TO_TIME': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StrToTime'>>, 'STR_TO_UNIX': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StrToUnix'>>, 'STRUCT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Struct'>>, 'STRUCT_EXTRACT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StructExtract'>>, 'STUFF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Stuff'>>, 'INSERT': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Stuff'>>, 'SUBSTRING': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Substring'>>, 'SUM': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Sum'>>, 'TIME_ADD': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimeAdd'>>, 'TIME_DIFF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimeDiff'>>, 'TIME_FROM_PARTS': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimeFromParts'>>, 'TIMEFROMPARTS': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimeFromParts'>>, 'TIME_STR_TO_DATE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimeStrToDate'>>, 'TIME_STR_TO_TIME': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimeStrToTime'>>, 'TIME_STR_TO_UNIX': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimeStrToUnix'>>, 'TIME_SUB': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimeSub'>>, 'TIME_TO_STR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimeToStr'>>, 'TIME_TO_TIME_STR': <function Parser.<lambda>>, 'TIME_TO_UNIX': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimeToUnix'>>, 'TIME_TRUNC': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimeTrunc'>>, 'TIMESTAMP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Timestamp'>>, 'TIMESTAMP_ADD': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimestampAdd'>>, 'TIMESTAMPDIFF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimestampDiff'>>, 'TIMESTAMP_DIFF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimestampDiff'>>, 'TIMESTAMP_FROM_PARTS': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimestampFromParts'>>, 'TIMESTAMPFROMPARTS': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimestampFromParts'>>, 'TIMESTAMP_SUB': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimestampSub'>>, 'TIMESTAMP_TRUNC': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimestampTrunc'>>, 'TO_ARRAY': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ToArray'>>, 'TO_BASE64': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ToBase64'>>, 'TO_CHAR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ToChar'>>, 'TO_DAYS': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ToDays'>>, 'TRANSFORM': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Transform'>>, 'TRIM': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Trim'>>, 'TRY_CAST': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TryCast'>>, 'TS_OR_DI_TO_DI': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TsOrDiToDi'>>, 'TS_OR_DS_ADD': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TsOrDsAdd'>>, 'TS_OR_DS_DIFF': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TsOrDsDiff'>>, 'TS_OR_DS_TO_DATE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TsOrDsToDate'>>, 'TS_OR_DS_TO_DATE_STR': <function Parser.<lambda>>, 'TS_OR_DS_TO_TIME': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TsOrDsToTime'>>, 'UNHEX': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Unhex'>>, 'UNIX_DATE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.UnixDate'>>, 'UNIX_TO_STR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.UnixToStr'>>, 'UNIX_TO_TIME': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.UnixToTime'>>, 'UNIX_TO_TIME_STR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.UnixToTimeStr'>>, 'UPPER': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Upper'>>, 'UCASE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Upper'>>, 'VAR_MAP': <function build_var_map>, 'VARIANCE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Variance'>>, 'VARIANCE_SAMP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Variance'>>, 'VAR_SAMP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Variance'>>, 'VARIANCE_POP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.VariancePop'>>, 'VAR_POP': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.VariancePop'>>, 'WEEK': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Week'>>, 'WEEK_OF_YEAR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.WeekOfYear'>>, 'WEEKOFYEAR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.WeekOfYear'>>, 'WHEN': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.When'>>, 'X_M_L_TABLE': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.XMLTable'>>, 'XOR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Xor'>>, 'YEAR': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Year'>>, 'GLOB': <function Parser.<lambda>>, 'JSON_EXTRACT_PATH_TEXT': <function build_extract_json_with_path.<locals>._builder>, 'LIKE': <function build_like>, 'EDITDIST3': <bound method Func.from_arg_list of <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Levenshtein'>>}
STRING_ALIASES = True
TABLE_ALIAS_TOKENS = {<TokenType.COMMIT: 'COMMIT'>, <TokenType.NVARCHAR: 'NVARCHAR'>, <TokenType.STORAGE_INTEGRATION: 'STORAGE_INTEGRATION'>, <TokenType.INTERVAL: 'INTERVAL'>, <TokenType.OPERATOR: 'OPERATOR'>, <TokenType.UNKNOWN: 'UNKNOWN'>, <TokenType.FORMAT: 'FORMAT'>, <TokenType.TINYTEXT: 'TINYTEXT'>, <TokenType.STRUCT: 'STRUCT'>, <TokenType.REPLACE: 'REPLACE'>, <TokenType.FINAL: 'FINAL'>, <TokenType.DATETIME64: 'DATETIME64'>, <TokenType.CHAR: 'CHAR'>, <TokenType.PIVOT: 'PIVOT'>, <TokenType.FOREIGN_KEY: 'FOREIGN_KEY'>, <TokenType.SMALLINT: 'SMALLINT'>, <TokenType.VIEW: 'VIEW'>, <TokenType.INT128: 'INT128'>, <TokenType.INT256: 'INT256'>, <TokenType.DESC: 'DESC'>, <TokenType.INT4MULTIRANGE: 'INT4MULTIRANGE'>, <TokenType.TEXT: 'TEXT'>, <TokenType.OBJECT_IDENTIFIER: 'OBJECT_IDENTIFIER'>, <TokenType.UTINYINT: 'UTINYINT'>, <TokenType.OVERWRITE: 'OVERWRITE'>, <TokenType.YEAR: 'YEAR'>, <TokenType.TIME: 'TIME'>, <TokenType.TSTZMULTIRANGE: 'TSTZMULTIRANGE'>, <TokenType.BIGINT: 'BIGINT'>, <TokenType.DICTIONARY: 'DICTIONARY'>, <TokenType.CURRENT_USER: 'CURRENT_USER'>, <TokenType.NUMRANGE: 'NUMRANGE'>, <TokenType.ESCAPE: 'ESCAPE'>, <TokenType.PARTITION: 'PARTITION'>, <TokenType.IPV4: 'IPV4'>, <TokenType.AUTO_INCREMENT: 'AUTO_INCREMENT'>, <TokenType.ASC: 'ASC'>, <TokenType.DATE32: 'DATE32'>, <TokenType.IMAGE: 'IMAGE'>, <TokenType.SEMI: 'SEMI'>, <TokenType.BPCHAR: 'BPCHAR'>, <TokenType.INT8MULTIRANGE: 'INT8MULTIRANGE'>, <TokenType.PERCENT: 'PERCENT'>, <TokenType.REFRESH: 'REFRESH'>, <TokenType.INDEX: 'INDEX'>, <TokenType.USE: 'USE'>, <TokenType.PSEUDO_TYPE: 'PSEUDO_TYPE'>, <TokenType.SUPER: 'SUPER'>, <TokenType.ROW: 'ROW'>, <TokenType.TIMETZ: 'TIMETZ'>, <TokenType.CURRENT_DATETIME: 'CURRENT_DATETIME'>, <TokenType.FIXEDSTRING: 'FIXEDSTRING'>, <TokenType.DATEMULTIRANGE: 'DATEMULTIRANGE'>, <TokenType.DECIMAL: 'DECIMAL'>, <TokenType.AGGREGATEFUNCTION: 'AGGREGATEFUNCTION'>, <TokenType.SMALLMONEY: 'SMALLMONEY'>, <TokenType.USMALLINT: 'USMALLINT'>, <TokenType.INT4RANGE: 'INT4RANGE'>, <TokenType.TRUNCATE: 'TRUNCATE'>, <TokenType.UNIQUEIDENTIFIER: 'UNIQUEIDENTIFIER'>, <TokenType.UINT128: 'UINT128'>, <TokenType.UBIGINT: 'UBIGINT'>, <TokenType.COMMENT: 'COMMENT'>, <TokenType.PROCEDURE: 'PROCEDURE'>, <TokenType.VARBINARY: 'VARBINARY'>, <TokenType.NCHAR: 'NCHAR'>, <TokenType.TIMESTAMP_MS: 'TIMESTAMP_MS'>, <TokenType.USERDEFINED: 'USERDEFINED'>, <TokenType.DIV: 'DIV'>, <TokenType.ENUM16: 'ENUM16'>, <TokenType.UNPIVOT: 'UNPIVOT'>, <TokenType.CURRENT_TIME: 'CURRENT_TIME'>, <TokenType.TSMULTIRANGE: 'TSMULTIRANGE'>, <TokenType.NUMMULTIRANGE: 'NUMMULTIRANGE'>, <TokenType.SHOW: 'SHOW'>, <TokenType.RANGE: 'RANGE'>, <TokenType.FLOAT: 'FLOAT'>, <TokenType.MEDIUMTEXT: 'MEDIUMTEXT'>, <TokenType.ENUM8: 'ENUM8'>, <TokenType.CURRENT_TIMESTAMP: 'CURRENT_TIMESTAMP'>, <TokenType.TINYBLOB: 'TINYBLOB'>, <TokenType.NESTED: 'NESTED'>, <TokenType.UUID: 'UUID'>, <TokenType.RECURSIVE: 'RECURSIVE'>, <TokenType.FIRST: 'FIRST'>, <TokenType.TIMESTAMP: 'TIMESTAMP'>, <TokenType.IS: 'IS'>, <TokenType.INT: 'INT'>, <TokenType.FUNCTION: 'FUNCTION'>, <TokenType.ANY: 'ANY'>, <TokenType.VAR: 'VAR'>, <TokenType.BIGDECIMAL: 'BIGDECIMAL'>, <TokenType.MAP: 'MAP'>, <TokenType.UDECIMAL: 'UDECIMAL'>, <TokenType.MEDIUMBLOB: 'MEDIUMBLOB'>, <TokenType.FALSE: 'FALSE'>, <TokenType.SERIAL: 'SERIAL'>, <TokenType.COLUMN: 'COLUMN'>, <TokenType.BIT: 'BIT'>, <TokenType.BIGSERIAL: 'BIGSERIAL'>, <TokenType.FILTER: 'FILTER'>, <TokenType.COLLATE: 'COLLATE'>, <TokenType.IPADDRESS: 'IPADDRESS'>, <TokenType.KILL: 'KILL'>, <TokenType.ROWS: 'ROWS'>, <TokenType.TRUE: 'TRUE'>, <TokenType.COMMAND: 'COMMAND'>, <TokenType.PRAGMA: 'PRAGMA'>, <TokenType.BOOLEAN: 'BOOLEAN'>, <TokenType.TOP: 'TOP'>, <TokenType.TIMESTAMP_NS: 'TIMESTAMP_NS'>, <TokenType.HSTORE: 'HSTORE'>, <TokenType.DATERANGE: 'DATERANGE'>, <TokenType.REFERENCES: 'REFERENCES'>, <TokenType.UNIQUE: 'UNIQUE'>, <TokenType.MEDIUMINT: 'MEDIUMINT'>, <TokenType.SET: 'SET'>, <TokenType.INET: 'INET'>, <TokenType.UMEDIUMINT: 'UMEDIUMINT'>, <TokenType.DATE: 'DATE'>, <TokenType.NULLABLE: 'NULLABLE'>, <TokenType.LONGBLOB: 'LONGBLOB'>, <TokenType.NULL: 'NULL'>, <TokenType.EXECUTE: 'EXECUTE'>, <TokenType.MONEY: 'MONEY'>, <TokenType.LONGTEXT: 'LONGTEXT'>, <TokenType.JSONB: 'JSONB'>, <TokenType.SMALLSERIAL: 'SMALLSERIAL'>, <TokenType.ORDINALITY: 'ORDINALITY'>, <TokenType.TIMESTAMPLTZ: 'TIMESTAMPLTZ'>, <TokenType.CONSTRAINT: 'CONSTRAINT'>, <TokenType.TSTZRANGE: 'TSTZRANGE'>, <TokenType.UPDATE: 'UPDATE'>, <TokenType.BINARY: 'BINARY'>, <TokenType.NEXT: 'NEXT'>, <TokenType.SIMPLEAGGREGATEFUNCTION: 'SIMPLEAGGREGATEFUNCTION'>, <TokenType.LOAD: 'LOAD'>, <TokenType.OVERLAPS: 'OVERLAPS'>, <TokenType.DELETE: 'DELETE'>, <TokenType.GEOGRAPHY: 'GEOGRAPHY'>, <TokenType.END: 'END'>, <TokenType.DOUBLE: 'DOUBLE'>, <TokenType.ALL: 'ALL'>, <TokenType.SOME: 'SOME'>, <TokenType.ARRAY: 'ARRAY'>, <TokenType.DATABASE: 'DATABASE'>, <TokenType.ANTI: 'ANTI'>, <TokenType.DEFAULT: 'DEFAULT'>, <TokenType.UINT256: 'UINT256'>, <TokenType.INT8RANGE: 'INT8RANGE'>, <TokenType.CURRENT_DATE: 'CURRENT_DATE'>, <TokenType.TIMESTAMP_S: 'TIMESTAMP_S'>, <TokenType.MODEL: 'MODEL'>, <TokenType.KEEP: 'KEEP'>, <TokenType.CASE: 'CASE'>, <TokenType.ISNULL: 'ISNULL'>, <TokenType.TINYINT: 'TINYINT'>, <TokenType.SCHEMA: 'SCHEMA'>, <TokenType.GEOMETRY: 'GEOMETRY'>, <TokenType.VARIANT: 'VARIANT'>, <TokenType.LOWCARDINALITY: 'LOWCARDINALITY'>, <TokenType.BEGIN: 'BEGIN'>, <TokenType.CACHE: 'CACHE'>, <TokenType.MERGE: 'MERGE'>, <TokenType.SETTINGS: 'SETTINGS'>, <TokenType.HLLSKETCH: 'HLLSKETCH'>, <TokenType.ROWVERSION: 'ROWVERSION'>, <TokenType.TABLE: 'TABLE'>, <TokenType.VARCHAR: 'VARCHAR'>, <TokenType.ENUM: 'ENUM'>, <TokenType.XML: 'XML'>, <TokenType.VOLATILE: 'VOLATILE'>, <TokenType.IPPREFIX: 'IPPREFIX'>, <TokenType.DATETIME: 'DATETIME'>, <TokenType.TSRANGE: 'TSRANGE'>, <TokenType.EXISTS: 'EXISTS'>, <TokenType.TIMESTAMPTZ: 'TIMESTAMPTZ'>, <TokenType.TEMPORARY: 'TEMPORARY'>, <TokenType.JSON: 'JSON'>, <TokenType.UINT: 'UINT'>, <TokenType.OBJECT: 'OBJECT'>, <TokenType.DESCRIBE: 'DESCRIBE'>, <TokenType.IPV6: 'IPV6'>}
SHOW_TRIE: Dict = {}
SET_TRIE: Dict = {'GLOBAL': {0: True}, 'LOCAL': {0: True}, 'SESSION': {0: True}, 'TRANSACTION': {0: True}}
Inherited Members
sqlglot.parser.Parser
Parser
NO_PAREN_FUNCTIONS
STRUCT_TYPE_TOKENS
NESTED_TYPE_TOKENS
ENUM_TYPE_TOKENS
AGGREGATE_TYPE_TOKENS
TYPE_TOKENS
SIGNED_TO_UNSIGNED_TYPE_TOKEN
SUBQUERY_PREDICATES
RESERVED_TOKENS
DB_CREATABLES
CREATABLES
ID_VAR_TOKENS
INTERVAL_VARS
COMMENT_TABLE_ALIAS_TOKENS
UPDATE_ALIAS_TOKENS
TRIM_TYPES
FUNC_TOKENS
CONJUNCTION
EQUALITY
COMPARISON
BITWISE
TERM
FACTOR
EXPONENT
TIMES
TIMESTAMPS
SET_OPERATIONS
JOIN_METHODS
JOIN_SIDES
JOIN_KINDS
JOIN_HINTS
LAMBDAS
COLUMN_OPERATORS
EXPRESSION_PARSERS
STATEMENT_PARSERS
UNARY_PARSERS
STRING_PARSERS
NUMERIC_PARSERS
PRIMARY_PARSERS
PLACEHOLDER_PARSERS
RANGE_PARSERS
PROPERTY_PARSERS
CONSTRAINT_PARSERS
ALTER_PARSERS
SCHEMA_UNNAMED_CONSTRAINTS
NO_PAREN_FUNCTION_PARSERS
INVALID_FUNC_NAME_TOKENS
FUNCTIONS_WITH_ALIASED_ARGS
KEY_VALUE_DEFINITIONS
FUNCTION_PARSERS
QUERY_MODIFIER_PARSERS
SET_PARSERS
SHOW_PARSERS
TYPE_LITERAL_PARSERS
DDL_SELECT_TOKENS
PRE_VOLATILE_TOKENS
TRANSACTION_KIND
TRANSACTION_CHARACTERISTICS
USABLES
INSERT_ALTERNATIVES
CLONE_KEYWORDS
HISTORICAL_DATA_KIND
OPCLASS_FOLLOW_KEYWORDS
OPTYPE_FOLLOW_TOKENS
TABLE_INDEX_HINT_TOKENS
WINDOW_ALIAS_TOKENS
WINDOW_BEFORE_PAREN_TOKENS
WINDOW_SIDES
JSON_KEY_VALUE_SEPARATOR_TOKENS
FETCH_TOKENS
ADD_CONSTRAINT_TOKENS
DISTINCT_TOKENS
NULL_TOKENS
UNNEST_OFFSET_ALIAS_TOKENS
STRICT_CAST
PREFIXED_PIVOT_COLUMNS
IDENTIFY_PIVOT_STRINGS
LOG_DEFAULTS_TO_LN
ALTER_TABLE_ADD_REQUIRED_FOR_EACH_COLUMN
TABLESAMPLE_CSV
SET_REQUIRES_ASSIGNMENT_DELIMITER
TRIM_PATTERN_FIRST
MODIFIERS_ATTACHED_TO_UNION
UNION_MODIFIERS
NO_PAREN_IF_COMMANDS
JSON_ARROWS_REQUIRE_JSON_TYPE
VALUES_FOLLOWED_BY_PAREN
SUPPORTS_IMPLICIT_UNNEST
error_level
error_message_context
max_errors
dialect
reset
parse
parse_into
check_errors
raise_error
expression
validate_expression
errors
sql
class SQLite.Generator(sqlglot.generator.Generator):
 89    class Generator(generator.Generator):
 90        JOIN_HINTS = False
 91        TABLE_HINTS = False
 92        QUERY_HINTS = False
 93        NVL2_SUPPORTED = False
 94        JSON_PATH_BRACKETED_KEY_SUPPORTED = False
 95        SUPPORTS_CREATE_TABLE_LIKE = False
 96        SUPPORTS_TABLE_ALIAS_COLUMNS = False
 97
 98        SUPPORTED_JSON_PATH_PARTS = {
 99            exp.JSONPathKey,
100            exp.JSONPathRoot,
101            exp.JSONPathSubscript,
102        }
103
104        TYPE_MAPPING = {
105            **generator.Generator.TYPE_MAPPING,
106            exp.DataType.Type.BOOLEAN: "INTEGER",
107            exp.DataType.Type.TINYINT: "INTEGER",
108            exp.DataType.Type.SMALLINT: "INTEGER",
109            exp.DataType.Type.INT: "INTEGER",
110            exp.DataType.Type.BIGINT: "INTEGER",
111            exp.DataType.Type.FLOAT: "REAL",
112            exp.DataType.Type.DOUBLE: "REAL",
113            exp.DataType.Type.DECIMAL: "REAL",
114            exp.DataType.Type.CHAR: "TEXT",
115            exp.DataType.Type.NCHAR: "TEXT",
116            exp.DataType.Type.VARCHAR: "TEXT",
117            exp.DataType.Type.NVARCHAR: "TEXT",
118            exp.DataType.Type.BINARY: "BLOB",
119            exp.DataType.Type.VARBINARY: "BLOB",
120        }
121
122        TOKEN_MAPPING = {
123            TokenType.AUTO_INCREMENT: "AUTOINCREMENT",
124        }
125
126        TRANSFORMS = {
127            **generator.Generator.TRANSFORMS,
128            exp.AnyValue: any_value_to_max_sql,
129            exp.Concat: concat_to_dpipe_sql,
130            exp.CountIf: count_if_to_sum,
131            exp.Create: transforms.preprocess([_transform_create]),
132            exp.CurrentDate: lambda *_: "CURRENT_DATE",
133            exp.CurrentTime: lambda *_: "CURRENT_TIME",
134            exp.CurrentTimestamp: lambda *_: "CURRENT_TIMESTAMP",
135            exp.DateAdd: _date_add_sql,
136            exp.DateStrToDate: lambda self, e: self.sql(e, "this"),
137            exp.If: rename_func("IIF"),
138            exp.ILike: no_ilike_sql,
139            exp.JSONExtract: _json_extract_sql,
140            exp.JSONExtractScalar: arrow_json_extract_sql,
141            exp.Levenshtein: rename_func("EDITDIST3"),
142            exp.LogicalOr: rename_func("MAX"),
143            exp.LogicalAnd: rename_func("MIN"),
144            exp.Pivot: no_pivot_sql,
145            exp.Rand: rename_func("RANDOM"),
146            exp.Select: transforms.preprocess(
147                [
148                    transforms.eliminate_distinct_on,
149                    transforms.eliminate_qualify,
150                    transforms.eliminate_semi_and_anti_joins,
151                ]
152            ),
153            exp.TableSample: no_tablesample_sql,
154            exp.TimeStrToTime: lambda self, e: self.sql(e, "this"),
155            exp.TryCast: no_trycast_sql,
156        }
157
158        # SQLite doesn't generally support CREATE TABLE .. properties
159        # https://www.sqlite.org/lang_createtable.html
160        PROPERTIES_LOCATION = {
161            prop: exp.Properties.Location.UNSUPPORTED
162            for prop in generator.Generator.PROPERTIES_LOCATION
163        }
164
165        # There are a few exceptions (e.g. temporary tables) which are supported or
166        # can be transpiled to SQLite, so we explicitly override them accordingly
167        PROPERTIES_LOCATION[exp.LikeProperty] = exp.Properties.Location.POST_SCHEMA
168        PROPERTIES_LOCATION[exp.TemporaryProperty] = exp.Properties.Location.POST_CREATE
169
170        LIMIT_FETCH = "LIMIT"
171
172        def cast_sql(self, expression: exp.Cast, safe_prefix: t.Optional[str] = None) -> str:
173            if expression.is_type("date"):
174                return self.func("DATE", expression.this)
175
176            return super().cast_sql(expression)
177
178        def generateseries_sql(self, expression: exp.GenerateSeries) -> str:
179            parent = expression.parent
180            alias = parent and parent.args.get("alias")
181
182            if isinstance(alias, exp.TableAlias) and alias.columns:
183                column_alias = alias.columns[0]
184                alias.set("columns", None)
185                sql = self.sql(
186                    exp.select(exp.alias_("value", column_alias)).from_(expression).subquery()
187                )
188            else:
189                sql = super().generateseries_sql(expression)
190
191            return sql
192
193        def datediff_sql(self, expression: exp.DateDiff) -> str:
194            unit = expression.args.get("unit")
195            unit = unit.name.upper() if unit else "DAY"
196
197            sql = f"(JULIANDAY({self.sql(expression, 'this')}) - JULIANDAY({self.sql(expression, 'expression')}))"
198
199            if unit == "MONTH":
200                sql = f"{sql} / 30.0"
201            elif unit == "YEAR":
202                sql = f"{sql} / 365.0"
203            elif unit == "HOUR":
204                sql = f"{sql} * 24.0"
205            elif unit == "MINUTE":
206                sql = f"{sql} * 1440.0"
207            elif unit == "SECOND":
208                sql = f"{sql} * 86400.0"
209            elif unit == "MILLISECOND":
210                sql = f"{sql} * 86400000.0"
211            elif unit == "MICROSECOND":
212                sql = f"{sql} * 86400000000.0"
213            elif unit == "NANOSECOND":
214                sql = f"{sql} * 8640000000000.0"
215            else:
216                self.unsupported("DATEDIFF unsupported for '{unit}'.")
217
218            return f"CAST({sql} AS INTEGER)"
219
220        # https://www.sqlite.org/lang_aggfunc.html#group_concat
221        def groupconcat_sql(self, expression: exp.GroupConcat) -> str:
222            this = expression.this
223            distinct = expression.find(exp.Distinct)
224
225            if distinct:
226                this = distinct.expressions[0]
227                distinct_sql = "DISTINCT "
228            else:
229                distinct_sql = ""
230
231            if isinstance(expression.this, exp.Order):
232                self.unsupported("SQLite GROUP_CONCAT doesn't support ORDER BY.")
233                if expression.this.this and not distinct:
234                    this = expression.this.this
235
236            separator = expression.args.get("separator")
237            return f"GROUP_CONCAT({distinct_sql}{self.format_args(this, separator)})"
238
239        def least_sql(self, expression: exp.Least) -> str:
240            if len(expression.expressions) > 1:
241                return rename_func("MIN")(self, expression)
242
243            return self.sql(expression, "this")
244
245        def transaction_sql(self, expression: exp.Transaction) -> str:
246            this = expression.this
247            this = f" {this}" if this else ""
248            return f"BEGIN{this} TRANSACTION"

Generator converts a given syntax tree to the corresponding SQL string.

Arguments:
  • pretty: Whether to format the produced SQL string. Default: False.
  • identify: Determines when an identifier should be quoted. Possible values are: False (default): Never quote, except in cases where it's mandatory by the dialect. True or 'always': Always quote. 'safe': Only quote identifiers that are case insensitive.
  • normalize: Whether to normalize identifiers to lowercase. Default: False.
  • pad: The pad size in a formatted string. Default: 2.
  • indent: The indentation size in a formatted string. Default: 2.
  • normalize_functions: How to normalize function names. Possible values are: "upper" or True (default): Convert names to uppercase. "lower": Convert names to lowercase. False: Disables function name normalization.
  • unsupported_level: Determines the generator's behavior when it encounters unsupported expressions. Default ErrorLevel.WARN.
  • max_unsupported: Maximum number of unsupported messages to include in a raised UnsupportedError. This is only relevant if unsupported_level is ErrorLevel.RAISE. Default: 3
  • leading_comma: Whether the comma is leading or trailing in select expressions. This is only relevant when generating in pretty mode. Default: False
  • max_text_width: The max number of characters in a segment before creating new lines in pretty mode. The default is on the smaller end because the length only represents a segment and not the true line length. Default: 80
  • comments: Whether to preserve comments in the output SQL code. Default: True
JOIN_HINTS = False
TABLE_HINTS = False
QUERY_HINTS = False
NVL2_SUPPORTED = False
JSON_PATH_BRACKETED_KEY_SUPPORTED = False
SUPPORTS_CREATE_TABLE_LIKE = False
SUPPORTS_TABLE_ALIAS_COLUMNS = False
TYPE_MAPPING = {<Type.NCHAR: 'NCHAR'>: 'TEXT', <Type.NVARCHAR: 'NVARCHAR'>: 'TEXT', <Type.MEDIUMTEXT: 'MEDIUMTEXT'>: 'TEXT', <Type.LONGTEXT: 'LONGTEXT'>: 'TEXT', <Type.TINYTEXT: 'TINYTEXT'>: 'TEXT', <Type.MEDIUMBLOB: 'MEDIUMBLOB'>: 'BLOB', <Type.LONGBLOB: 'LONGBLOB'>: 'BLOB', <Type.TINYBLOB: 'TINYBLOB'>: 'BLOB', <Type.INET: 'INET'>: 'INET', <Type.BOOLEAN: 'BOOLEAN'>: 'INTEGER', <Type.TINYINT: 'TINYINT'>: 'INTEGER', <Type.SMALLINT: 'SMALLINT'>: 'INTEGER', <Type.INT: 'INT'>: 'INTEGER', <Type.BIGINT: 'BIGINT'>: 'INTEGER', <Type.FLOAT: 'FLOAT'>: 'REAL', <Type.DOUBLE: 'DOUBLE'>: 'REAL', <Type.DECIMAL: 'DECIMAL'>: 'REAL', <Type.CHAR: 'CHAR'>: 'TEXT', <Type.VARCHAR: 'VARCHAR'>: 'TEXT', <Type.BINARY: 'BINARY'>: 'BLOB', <Type.VARBINARY: 'VARBINARY'>: 'BLOB'}
TOKEN_MAPPING = {<TokenType.AUTO_INCREMENT: 'AUTO_INCREMENT'>: 'AUTOINCREMENT'}
TRANSFORMS = {<class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONPathKey'>: <function <lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONPathRoot'>: <function <lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONPathSubscript'>: <function <lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.AutoRefreshProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CaseSpecificColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CharacterSetColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CharacterSetProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ClusteredColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CollateColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CommentColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CopyGrantsProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DateAdd'>: <function _date_add_sql>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DateFormatColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DefaultColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.EncodeColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ExecuteAsProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ExternalProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.HeapProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.InheritsProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.InlineLengthColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.InputModelProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.IntervalSpan'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONExtract'>: <function _json_extract_sql>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JSONExtractScalar'>: <function arrow_json_extract_sql>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LanguageProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LocationProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LogProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.MaterializedProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.NonClusteredColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.NoPrimaryIndexProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.NotForReplicationColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.OnCommitProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.OnProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.OnUpdateColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.OutputModelProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.PathColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.RemoteWithConnectionModelProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ReturnsProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SampleProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SetConfigProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SetProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SettingsProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SqlReadWriteProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SqlSecurityProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StabilityProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TemporaryProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TitleColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Timestamp'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ToTableProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TransformModelProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TransientProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.UppercaseColumnConstraint'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.VarMap'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.VolatileProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.WithJournalTableProperty'>: <function Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.AnyValue'>: <function any_value_to_max_sql>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Concat'>: <function concat_to_dpipe_sql>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CountIf'>: <function count_if_to_sum>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Create'>: <function preprocess.<locals>._to_sql>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CurrentDate'>: <function SQLite.Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CurrentTime'>: <function SQLite.Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CurrentTimestamp'>: <function SQLite.Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DateStrToDate'>: <function SQLite.Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.If'>: <function rename_func.<locals>.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ILike'>: <function no_ilike_sql>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Levenshtein'>: <function rename_func.<locals>.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LogicalOr'>: <function rename_func.<locals>.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LogicalAnd'>: <function rename_func.<locals>.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Pivot'>: <function no_pivot_sql>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Rand'>: <function rename_func.<locals>.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Select'>: <function preprocess.<locals>._to_sql>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TableSample'>: <function no_tablesample_sql>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TimeStrToTime'>: <function SQLite.Generator.<lambda>>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TryCast'>: <function no_trycast_sql>}
PROPERTIES_LOCATION = {<class 'sqlglot.expressions.AlgorithmProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.AutoIncrementProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.AutoRefreshProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.BlockCompressionProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CharacterSetProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ChecksumProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CollateProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.CopyGrantsProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Cluster'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ClusteredByProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DataBlocksizeProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DefinerProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DictRange'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DictProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DistKeyProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.DistStyleProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.EngineProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ExecuteAsProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ExternalProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.FallbackProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.FileFormatProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.FreespaceProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.HeapProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.InheritsProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.InputModelProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.IsolatedLoadingProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.JournalProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LanguageProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LikeProperty'>: <Location.POST_SCHEMA: 'POST_SCHEMA'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LocationProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LockProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LockingProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.LogProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.MaterializedProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.MergeBlockRatioProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.NoPrimaryIndexProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.OnProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.OnCommitProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Order'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.OutputModelProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.PartitionedByProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.PartitionedOfProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.PrimaryKey'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Property'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.RemoteWithConnectionModelProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ReturnsProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.RowFormatProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.RowFormatDelimitedProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.RowFormatSerdeProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SampleProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SchemaCommentProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SerdeProperties'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.Set'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SettingsProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SetProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SetConfigProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SortKeyProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SqlReadWriteProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.SqlSecurityProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.StabilityProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TemporaryProperty'>: <Location.POST_CREATE: 'POST_CREATE'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.ToTableProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TransientProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.TransformModelProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.MergeTreeTTL'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.VolatileProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.WithDataProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.WithJournalTableProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>, <class 'sqlglot.expressions.WithSystemVersioningProperty'>: <Location.UNSUPPORTED: 'UNSUPPORTED'>}
LIMIT_FETCH = 'LIMIT'
def cast_sql( self, expression: sqlglot.expressions.Cast, safe_prefix: Optional[str] = None) -> str:
172        def cast_sql(self, expression: exp.Cast, safe_prefix: t.Optional[str] = None) -> str:
173            if expression.is_type("date"):
174                return self.func("DATE", expression.this)
175
176            return super().cast_sql(expression)
def generateseries_sql(self, expression: sqlglot.expressions.GenerateSeries) -> str:
178        def generateseries_sql(self, expression: exp.GenerateSeries) -> str:
179            parent = expression.parent
180            alias = parent and parent.args.get("alias")
181
182            if isinstance(alias, exp.TableAlias) and alias.columns:
183                column_alias = alias.columns[0]
184                alias.set("columns", None)
185                sql = self.sql(
186                    exp.select(exp.alias_("value", column_alias)).from_(expression).subquery()
187                )
188            else:
189                sql = super().generateseries_sql(expression)
190
191            return sql
def datediff_sql(self, expression: sqlglot.expressions.DateDiff) -> str:
193        def datediff_sql(self, expression: exp.DateDiff) -> str:
194            unit = expression.args.get("unit")
195            unit = unit.name.upper() if unit else "DAY"
196
197            sql = f"(JULIANDAY({self.sql(expression, 'this')}) - JULIANDAY({self.sql(expression, 'expression')}))"
198
199            if unit == "MONTH":
200                sql = f"{sql} / 30.0"
201            elif unit == "YEAR":
202                sql = f"{sql} / 365.0"
203            elif unit == "HOUR":
204                sql = f"{sql} * 24.0"
205            elif unit == "MINUTE":
206                sql = f"{sql} * 1440.0"
207            elif unit == "SECOND":
208                sql = f"{sql} * 86400.0"
209            elif unit == "MILLISECOND":
210                sql = f"{sql} * 86400000.0"
211            elif unit == "MICROSECOND":
212                sql = f"{sql} * 86400000000.0"
213            elif unit == "NANOSECOND":
214                sql = f"{sql} * 8640000000000.0"
215            else:
216                self.unsupported("DATEDIFF unsupported for '{unit}'.")
217
218            return f"CAST({sql} AS INTEGER)"
def groupconcat_sql(self, expression: sqlglot.expressions.GroupConcat) -> str:
221        def groupconcat_sql(self, expression: exp.GroupConcat) -> str:
222            this = expression.this
223            distinct = expression.find(exp.Distinct)
224
225            if distinct:
226                this = distinct.expressions[0]
227                distinct_sql = "DISTINCT "
228            else:
229                distinct_sql = ""
230
231            if isinstance(expression.this, exp.Order):
232                self.unsupported("SQLite GROUP_CONCAT doesn't support ORDER BY.")
233                if expression.this.this and not distinct:
234                    this = expression.this.this
235
236            separator = expression.args.get("separator")
237            return f"GROUP_CONCAT({distinct_sql}{self.format_args(this, separator)})"
def least_sql(self, expression: sqlglot.expressions.Least) -> str:
239        def least_sql(self, expression: exp.Least) -> str:
240            if len(expression.expressions) > 1:
241                return rename_func("MIN")(self, expression)
242
243            return self.sql(expression, "this")
def transaction_sql(self, expression: sqlglot.expressions.Transaction) -> str:
245        def transaction_sql(self, expression: exp.Transaction) -> str:
246            this = expression.this
247            this = f" {this}" if this else ""
248            return f"BEGIN{this} TRANSACTION"
SELECT_KINDS: Tuple[str, ...] = ()
Inherited Members
sqlglot.generator.Generator
Generator
NULL_ORDERING_SUPPORTED
IGNORE_NULLS_IN_FUNC
LOCKING_READS_SUPPORTED
EXPLICIT_UNION
WRAP_DERIVED_VALUES
CREATE_FUNCTION_RETURN_AS
MATCHED_BY_SOURCE
SINGLE_STRING_INTERVAL
INTERVAL_ALLOWS_PLURAL_FORM
LIMIT_ONLY_LITERALS
RENAME_TABLE_WITH_DB
GROUPINGS_SEP
INDEX_ON
QUERY_HINT_SEP
IS_BOOL_ALLOWED
DUPLICATE_KEY_UPDATE_WITH_SET
LIMIT_IS_TOP
RETURNING_END
COLUMN_JOIN_MARKS_SUPPORTED
EXTRACT_ALLOWS_QUOTES
TZ_TO_WITH_TIME_ZONE
VALUES_AS_TABLE
ALTER_TABLE_INCLUDE_COLUMN_KEYWORD
UNNEST_WITH_ORDINALITY
AGGREGATE_FILTER_SUPPORTED
SEMI_ANTI_JOIN_WITH_SIDE
COMPUTED_COLUMN_WITH_TYPE
SUPPORTS_TABLE_COPY
TABLESAMPLE_REQUIRES_PARENS
TABLESAMPLE_SIZE_IS_ROWS
TABLESAMPLE_KEYWORDS
TABLESAMPLE_WITH_METHOD
TABLESAMPLE_SEED_KEYWORD
COLLATE_IS_FUNC
DATA_TYPE_SPECIFIERS_ALLOWED
ENSURE_BOOLS
CTE_RECURSIVE_KEYWORD_REQUIRED
SUPPORTS_SINGLE_ARG_CONCAT
LAST_DAY_SUPPORTS_DATE_PART
UNPIVOT_ALIASES_ARE_IDENTIFIERS
JSON_KEY_VALUE_PAIR_SEP
INSERT_OVERWRITE
SUPPORTS_SELECT_INTO
SUPPORTS_UNLOGGED_TABLES
LIKE_PROPERTY_INSIDE_SCHEMA
MULTI_ARG_DISTINCT
JSON_TYPE_REQUIRED_FOR_EXTRACTION
JSON_PATH_SINGLE_QUOTE_ESCAPE
CAN_IMPLEMENT_ARRAY_ANY
STAR_MAPPING
TIME_PART_SINGULARS
STRUCT_DELIMITER
PARAMETER_TOKEN
NAMED_PLACEHOLDER_TOKEN
RESERVED_KEYWORDS
WITH_SEPARATED_COMMENTS
EXCLUDE_COMMENTS
UNWRAPPED_INTERVAL_VALUES
PARAMETERIZABLE_TEXT_TYPES
EXPRESSIONS_WITHOUT_NESTED_CTES
SENTINEL_LINE_BREAK
pretty
identify
normalize
pad
unsupported_level
max_unsupported
leading_comma
max_text_width
comments
dialect
normalize_functions
unsupported_messages
generate
preprocess
unsupported
sep
seg
pad_comment
maybe_comment
wrap
no_identify
normalize_func
indent
sql
uncache_sql
cache_sql
characterset_sql
column_sql
columnposition_sql
columndef_sql
columnconstraint_sql
computedcolumnconstraint_sql
autoincrementcolumnconstraint_sql
compresscolumnconstraint_sql
generatedasidentitycolumnconstraint_sql
generatedasrowcolumnconstraint_sql
periodforsystemtimeconstraint_sql
notnullcolumnconstraint_sql
transformcolumnconstraint_sql
primarykeycolumnconstraint_sql
uniquecolumnconstraint_sql
createable_sql
create_sql
clone_sql
describe_sql
heredoc_sql
prepend_ctes
with_sql
cte_sql
tablealias_sql
bitstring_sql
hexstring_sql
bytestring_sql
unicodestring_sql
rawstring_sql
datatypeparam_sql
datatype_sql
directory_sql
delete_sql
drop_sql
except_sql
except_op
fetch_sql
filter_sql
hint_sql
index_sql
identifier_sql
inputoutputformat_sql
national_sql
partition_sql
properties_sql
root_properties
properties
with_properties
locate_properties
property_name
property_sql
likeproperty_sql
fallbackproperty_sql
journalproperty_sql
freespaceproperty_sql
checksumproperty_sql
mergeblockratioproperty_sql
datablocksizeproperty_sql
blockcompressionproperty_sql
isolatedloadingproperty_sql
partitionboundspec_sql
partitionedofproperty_sql
lockingproperty_sql
withdataproperty_sql
withsystemversioningproperty_sql
insert_sql
intersect_sql
intersect_op
introducer_sql
kill_sql
pseudotype_sql
objectidentifier_sql
onconflict_sql
returning_sql
rowformatdelimitedproperty_sql
withtablehint_sql
indextablehint_sql
historicaldata_sql
table_parts
table_sql
tablesample_sql
pivot_sql
version_sql
tuple_sql
update_sql
values_sql
var_sql
into_sql
from_sql
group_sql
having_sql
connect_sql
prior_sql
join_sql
lambda_sql
lateral_op
lateral_sql
limit_sql
offset_sql
setitem_sql
set_sql
pragma_sql
lock_sql
literal_sql
escape_str
loaddata_sql
null_sql
boolean_sql
order_sql
withfill_sql
cluster_sql
distribute_sql
sort_sql
ordered_sql
matchrecognize_sql
query_modifiers
queryoption_sql
offset_limit_modifiers
after_having_modifiers
after_limit_modifiers
select_sql
schema_sql
schema_columns_sql
star_sql
parameter_sql
sessionparameter_sql
placeholder_sql
subquery_sql
qualify_sql
union_sql
union_op
unnest_sql
prewhere_sql
where_sql
window_sql
partition_by_sql
windowspec_sql
withingroup_sql
between_sql
bracket_sql
all_sql
any_sql
exists_sql
case_sql
constraint_sql
nextvaluefor_sql
extract_sql
trim_sql
convert_concat_args
concat_sql
concatws_sql
check_sql
foreignkey_sql
primarykey_sql
if_sql
matchagainst_sql
jsonkeyvalue_sql
jsonpath_sql
json_path_part
formatjson_sql
jsonobject_sql
jsonobjectagg_sql
jsonarray_sql
jsonarrayagg_sql
jsoncolumndef_sql
jsonschema_sql
jsontable_sql
openjsoncolumndef_sql
openjson_sql
in_sql
in_unnest_op
interval_sql
return_sql
reference_sql
anonymous_sql
paren_sql
neg_sql
not_sql
alias_sql
pivotalias_sql
aliases_sql
atindex_sql
attimezone_sql
fromtimezone_sql
add_sql
and_sql
xor_sql
connector_sql
bitwiseand_sql
bitwiseleftshift_sql
bitwisenot_sql
bitwiseor_sql
bitwiserightshift_sql
bitwisexor_sql
currentdate_sql
currenttimestamp_sql
collate_sql
command_sql
comment_sql
mergetreettlaction_sql
mergetreettl_sql
commit_sql
rollback_sql
altercolumn_sql
renametable_sql
renamecolumn_sql
altertable_sql
add_column_sql
droppartition_sql
addconstraint_sql
distinct_sql
ignorenulls_sql
respectnulls_sql
havingmax_sql
intdiv_sql
dpipe_sql
div_sql
overlaps_sql
distance_sql
dot_sql
eq_sql
propertyeq_sql
escape_sql
glob_sql
gt_sql
gte_sql
ilike_sql
ilikeany_sql
is_sql
like_sql
likeany_sql
similarto_sql
lt_sql
lte_sql
mod_sql
mul_sql
neq_sql
nullsafeeq_sql
nullsafeneq_sql
or_sql
slice_sql
sub_sql
trycast_sql
log_sql
use_sql
binary
function_fallback_sql
func
format_args
text_width
format_time
expressions
op_expressions
naked_property
set_operation
tag_sql
token_sql
userdefinedfunction_sql
joinhint_sql
kwarg_sql
when_sql
merge_sql
tochar_sql
dictproperty_sql
dictrange_sql
dictsubproperty_sql
oncluster_sql
clusteredbyproperty_sql
anyvalue_sql
querytransform_sql
indexconstraintoption_sql
checkcolumnconstraint_sql
indexcolumnconstraint_sql
nvl2_sql
comprehension_sql
columnprefix_sql
opclass_sql
predict_sql
forin_sql
refresh_sql
operator_sql
toarray_sql
tsordstotime_sql
tsordstodate_sql
unixdate_sql
lastday_sql
arrayany_sql
struct_sql
partitionrange_sql
truncatetable_sql
convert_sql